John F. Kennedy and the Memory of a NationAll Exhibits
On November 22, 1963, the Texas School Book Depository building was the focus of world shock, grief and outrage when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dealey Plaza. Twenty-six years later, John F. Kennedy and the Memory of a Nation opened on Presidents Day (February 20) 1989, on the building's sixth floor, where significant evidence was found. Through the use of nearly 400 photographs, 45 minutes of documentary films and artifacts, this exhibition recreates the social and political context of the early 1960s, chronicles the assassination and its aftermath and recognizes Kennedy's lasting impact on American culture.
The Early 1960s
This introductory section outlines the major social movements and political events of the 1960s, with an emphasis on the lifestyles and fashions of the era. Photographs, artifacts and a short video provide insight into the life and times of John F. Kennedy and his family—including the major issues he faced while in office.
The Trip to Texas
In November 1963, President Kennedy began a political trip to five Texas cities. This section—which includes a short video—highlights the enthusiastic welcome the Kennedys received in San Antonio, Houston, Fort Worth, and Dallas. It also explores the atmosphere in Dallas at the time of the assassination.
The Corner Window
Following the assassination at 12:30 p.m., law enforcement officials began a search of the Texas School Book Depository building. A perch of cartons, three spent cartridge shells and a brown paper bag were discovered by the southeast corner window of the sixth floor around 1:12 p.m. An accurate re-creation of this "sniper’s perch" is protected behind glass. Alongside it are photographic enlargements and radio-teletype documentation of the first news of the assassination. The floor's south-facing windows offer distinctive views of Dealey Plaza and the motorcade route.
The Crisis Hours and
Nation & World Response
This section examines the immediate aftermath of the assassination and the four-day period when the world closely followed breaking news coverage. Only 45 minutes after the shots rang out in Dealey Plaza, Dallas Police Officer J. D. Tippit was murdered in the Oak Cliff section of the city. Thirty-five minutes later, suspect Lee Harvey Oswald, a clerk at the Texas School Book Depository, was in police custody. Oswald was later charged with both murders. Less than 48 hours after the assassination, Oswald was murdered in the basement of Dallas Police Department headquarters by local nightclub operator Jack Ruby. Featured artifacts in this area include the handcuffs worn by Oswald during his attempted transfer from the city jail to the county jail. Along one wall, a detailed time line explains the sequence of events as they unfolded in Dallas and in Washington, D.C. In a nearby theater, visitors may watch a 10-minute video featuring footage from the Kennedy funeral and scenes highlighting the global response to the assassination.