Interviews by NameOral Histories
Nancy Dooley Macia
Macia was nine years old in 1963. Her late father, a City of Dallas employee, was acquainted with Jack Ruby prior to the assassination and photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded July 9, 2012.
Mary Lou Macias
The widow of the late Gabriel D. Macias, the first Hispanic police officer in Dallas, Macias was at Love Field for the arrival of President and Mrs. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 1, 2010.
A veteran broadcast journalist, MacNeil covered the Cuban missile crisis from inside Cuba and, as a White House correspondent for NBC, covered President Kennedy in 1963. He was in the Dallas motorcade on November 22 and phoned NBC from the Texas School Book Depository building within minutes of the shooting. Recorded April 16, 2004.
A former Dallas deputy sheriff, Maddox went to the Texas School Book Depository building after the assassination. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby prior to the shooting, Maddox was later assigned to guard Ruby in prison and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded March 7, 2002, June 4, 2004, and May 8, 2006.
A Dallas native, Madsen was a secretary at IBM in 1963. Her daughter, a student at the University of North Texas, asked Madsen to pick her up on campus because she was so upset following the assassination. Recorded April 26, 2013.
Make was a high school student in Philadelphia at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 6, 1998.
Mallon was the author of the 2002 book Mrs. Paine's Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy, which focused on the life of Ruth Paine and her involvement with Lee and Marina Oswald and the assassination investigation. Mallon interviewed Ruth Paine extensively while writing the book. Recorded May 28, 2002.
Mallory was a police officer in Clovis, New Mexico, in 1963. All nearby U.S. military bases, including Roswell, New Mexico, were put on high alert immediately after the assassination. Recorded September 3, 2009.
Dr. David W. Mantik
A former assistant professor of physics at the University of Wisconsin and associate professor of radiation sciences at Loma Linda University, Mantik became an assassination researcher in 1991 and has studied the president's autopsy photographs and X-rays and the Zapruder film. Mantik has contributed essays to several books, including Assassination Science (1998) and The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (2003). Recorded November 20, 2009.
A longtime community leader and the late chairman emeritus of Neiman Marcus department stores, Marcus was U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson's host during his visit to Dallas in October 1963. As a member of the Dallas Citizens Council, Marcus openly opposed President Kennedy's trip to Dallas in November out of concern for his safety. Recorded July 11, 1995.
As an eight-year-old, Marion spent time with Jack Ruby at the Carousel Club when her mother, the late Joan Marion, briefly performed there under the stage name, "The Black Widow." Recorded May 3, 2011.
Kathy Forster Marot
Marot is the daughter of the late Dr. Francis Forster, former dean of the Georgetown University Medical School and a medical expert who testified at the 1964 trial of Jack Ruby. Recorded October 10, 2008.
Anthony and Louis Marotta
Anthony Marotta filmed the motorcade on Main Street, and his son, Louis, has since become an avid collector of Kennedy memorabilia. Recorded October 4, 1999.
A Texas journalist and researcher, Marrs is the author of Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy (1990), part of the basis for Oliver Stone's 1991 film JFK. He has also taught a noncredit college course on the assassination since the 1970s. Recorded October 19, 1998, and June 4, 2002.
The wife of former ABC newsman Murphy Martin, Joyce Martin sat in on every day of the Jack Ruby trial, taking notes for her husband while he conducted interviews outside the courtroom. She became acquainted with both of Jack Ruby's sisters and always sat with them during the trial. Recorded November 18, 2004.
A longtime radio and television personality, Martin was a news anchor for ABC Television in New York at the time of the Kennedy assassination. He flew to Dallas that weekend to cover the Oswald funeral. In 1964, Martin supervised ABC's coverage of the Jack Ruby trial. Over the years, he has interviewed many key players and developed a close friendship with Oswald's brother, Robert. Recorded June 22, 2001, and March 14, 2004.
The band director at Eastern Hills High School in Fort Worth in 1963, Martin's band played "Hail to the Chief" for President Kennedy for the last time at the Hotel Texas breakfast on the morning of the assassination. A Kennedy supporter, Martin assisted the Secret Service as they made security arrangements for the president's visit to Fort Worth. Recorded September 25, 2007.
A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Martynski participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. He later went on to serve in the Vietnam War. Recorded January 14, 2010.
Mast was printer and mechanical engineer at the Palatka Daily News in Palatka, Florida, in 1963. His afternoon daily detailing the president's shooting went on sale at 2:10PM Eastern that Friday, possibly a national record among newspapers. Recorded March 7, 2011.
A manager with Richardson and Bass Oil Producers in 1963, Mathis observed President Kennedy's speech in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas from his seventh-floor office window. Previously, Mathis had briefly worked with future Texas governor John B. Connally. Recorded July 7, 2008.
Alphonse C. Matthews
A 32-year veteran of Southwestern Bell, Matthews recalled the telephone chaos that occurred on November 22, 1963. As an African-American living in Dallas, he also provided impressions of segregated life and race relations in the 1960s. Recorded September 25, 2002.
An author and political commentator, best known for his long-running MSNBC program, Hardball, Matthews served in the Peace Corps in Swaziland in Africa from 1968 to 1970. Among his books are Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America (1996) and Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero (2011). Recorded May 29, 2012.
A politically active Democrat in Dallas, Mayer campaigned for John F. Kennedy and helped organize his 1960 campaign visit to the city. In 1963, he lobbied for tickets for Kennedy supporters to the bipartisan Trade Mart luncheon, which he attended. Recorded July 22, 2004.
A native of the Soviet Union, Maynard was living in Dallas in the early 1960s. As a member of the local Russian community, she was acquainted with Lee and Marina Oswald. Recorded April 11, 2012.
A celebrated documentary filmmaker, Maysles worked with Robert Drew on the landmark 1960 Kennedy documentary Primary. In 1975 Maysles and his late brother, David, directed the film Grey Gardens, an intimate portrait of Jacqueline Kennedy's aunt and cousin. Recorded January 8, 2004.
The city's first female photojournalist, Mazziotta worked at both The Dallas Morning News and Dallas Times Herald in the 1950s and 1960s. Her late husband, John Mazziotta, was the Herald's chief photographer at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded May 14, 2009.
Dr. John McAdams
A political science professor at Marquette University, McAdams created an extensive website about the Kennedy assassination after becoming interested in the case in 1993. He wrote the book JFK Assassination Logic: How to Think About Claims of Conspiracy (2011). Recorded December 9 and December 10, 2011.
McCaffery was a New York City taxi cab driver for three decades, including November 22, 1963. After the assassination, he frequently saw Senator Robert F. Kennedy walking the downtown streets. Recorded June 24, 2010.
A Dallas police lieutenant in 1963, McCaghren was stationed at the Trade Mart when the assassination took place. He was later part of a special team assigned to investigate the shooting of Oswald in the basement of Dallas City Hall. Recorded October 31, 2003.
An Oak Cliff high school student, McCall was standing on Main Street when the presidential motorcade passed by his location. The enthusiastic crowds were so thick he was not able to clearly see President and Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded July 21, 2010.
Dr. Robert N. McClelland
An instructor in surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, McClelland participated in the treatment of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. He also assisted in the surgery of Gov. John Connally and, less than two days later, the treatment of Lee Harvey Oswald. Frequently interviewed over the years, McClelland continues to research and speak on the subject. Recorded July 16, 2001, and February 10, 2011.
A longtime reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, McConal spent the weekend of the assassination in the newsroom and interviewed Marguerite Oswald on Sunday. The following day he served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald's funeral. Recorded November 19, 1998, and October 20, 2005.
A student at Jesuit High School in Dallas in 1963, McCone and friends were at Love Field for the president's arrival and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital after learning of the shooting. He was interviewed with his childhood friend John Carpenter. Recorded June 1, 2012.
Dr. Thomas McConnell
McConnell was the Medical Officer of the Day at the Pentagon on November 22, 1963, and was assigned duties that weekend at the White House, U.S. Capitol, and Arlington National Cemetery. A Dallas native, he worked in the pathology department at Parkland Memorial Hospital before and after the Kennedy assassination and was present for Jack Ruby's autopsy. Recorded April 6, 2012.
McConnell was a freshman at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 20, 2010.
A Dallas-based actor who has appeared in productions such as North and South (1985) and the Dallas television series, McCoy portrayed Johnny Calvin Brewer in Oliver Stone's film JFK (1991). McCoy met Brewer on the set and later received from him a handwritten letter and photographs, which McCoy donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded March 23, 2010.
McCoy was the widow of Allen McCoy, the second man chosen for the jury in the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 7, 2002.
An award-winning journalist who served in as a foreign correspondent in Saudi Arabia after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, McCubbin was the author, with retired U.S. Secret Service agent Gerald Blaine, of the book The Kennedy Detail (2010). Recorded November 18, November 19, and November 20, 2010.
Fred W. McDarrah
As staff photographer for the Village Voice in New York City, McDarrah covered the avant-garde scene, including Andy Warhol's Factory, in the 1960s. Recorded April 11, 2003.
Kaye Buck McDermott
McDermott was the daughter and personal assistant of the late Fort Worth community leader, Raymond Buck, who was president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce in 1963. Buck was involved in planning President Kennedy's visit to Texas and, as host of the Hotel Texas breakfast, famously presented the president with a cowboy hat and boots. Recorded March 25, 2011.
A longtime activist with the National Federation of the Blind, McDonald was an eighth-grader at a school for the blind in West Virginia at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 30, 2006.
M. "Nick" McDonald
The Dallas police officer who arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, McDonald was the first to approach Oswald inside the Texas Theatre and was slightly wounded while scuffling with him during his arrest. Recorded November 20, 2003.
A medical technologist at the Medical Arts Building in downtown Dallas, McDonald observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded April 20, 2010.
McDuff worked at the Dal-Tex building in Dealey Plaza in the early 1960s. She was traveling to Dallas by bus from Oklahoma City at the time of the assassination. Later she participated in occasional civil rights activities in the downtown area. Recorded April 20, 2010.
In 1963, McElhaney was a recent graduate of Southern Methodist University and was working at the university when she decided to go with friends to see the presidential motorcade. Years later, as a Dallas historian, she worked on photographic research for The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded February 23, 1995, June 11, 2009, and October 13, 2012.
In 1963, McElroy was a funeral director and embalmer at Oneal Funeral Home in Dallas. He was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential limousine arrived, and he later helped carry President Kennedy's casket into the hospital. Recorded October 20, 2008.
McElroy served in the Pacific during World War II and was part of the rescue party sent to find John F. Kennedy and party after their ship, PT-109, was lost. Recorded March 4, 1998.
The wife of prominent civil rights and peace movement activist the Rev. Bill McElvaney, Frances McElvaney became involved in the women's rights movement in the late 1960s. As part of this effort, she helped organize controversial classes for young women at Northaven United Methodist Church in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2008.
The Rev. Bill McElvaney
The founding pastor of St. Stephen Methodist Church in Mesquite, Texas, McElvaney was involved in the 1960s desegregation of the Mesquite Independent School District in Dallas County. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, he was a vocal peace activist and participated in silent protests in Dealey Plaza and other local sites. Recorded February 10, 2006, and January 12, 2013.
A longtime United Press International reporter, McGraw was the bureau manager of the Dallas UPI office in 1963 and covered the assassination weekend. He later served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald's funeral. Recorded October 9, 2001.
At the time of the assassination, McGready was a city official in charge of operations at Dallas Love Field airport. Recorded January 7, 1994.
A longtime Dallas attorney, McKenzie represented Marina and Robert Oswald, the widow and brother of accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, before the Warren Commission in 1964. Decades later, McKenzie served on the board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation (1992-1996). Recorded July 29, 1999.
Managing editor at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, McKnight coordinated the news coverage that weekend and wrote the paper's original lead story, which was tossed out when news of the assassination arrived. Recorded March 9, 1995.
McLain was a Dallas police motorcycle officer who rode in the motorcade and later escorted Jackie Kennedy into the emergency room at Parkland Memorial Hospital. In the 1970s, McLain was thought by the House Select Committee to be the officer with the open microphone who might have inadvertently recorded the assassination. Recorded July 16, 2003.
Seven years old in 1963, McLaughlin and his family were waiting for the arrival of President Kennedy's body outside Bethesda Naval Medical Center on the night of the assassination, when he believes he caught sight of Jackie Kennedy seated inside an ambulance. Later, as an elementary school educator, he wrote a novel about the Kennedy assassination titled Trail of Death (2007). Recorded November 9, 2007.
The longest-running tenant at the Dallas Trade Mart, McLendon was among the first to open an office and showroom when the facility opened in 1959. He was a guest at the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Recorded March 29, 2007.
An outspoken African-American activist in the 1960s, McMillan was attending Morehouse College in Atlanta at the time of the assassination. During the 1960s, he was a prominent member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Recorded January 25 and September 6, 2006.
A longtime African-American community leader, McMillan was actively involved in voter registration drives and prison reform in Texas. In the late 1960s, she and her family were key members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Recorded April 12, 2006.
A resident of Oak Cliff in 1963, McMillen lived two blocks from the Texas Theatre. From 1965 to 1966, he was a driver with Oneal Funeral Home and heard many stories about the assassination weekend. Recorded September 16, 2011.
A Dallas high-school student and Dallas Times Herald employee in 1963, McNairy saw the motorcade on Stemmons Freeway and gave an official a ride to Parkland Memorial Hospital. He graphically recalled the condition of the backseat of the presidential limousine. Recorded December 10, 2003.
Dr. William McNiece
A sixth grader in Indiana, McNiece was home sick from school on November 22, 1963. During his interview, he shared excerpts from his late mother's diary from the assassination weekend. Recorded May 24, 2011.
A native of Costa Rica, McWilliams saw President Kennedy when he visited her country on March 19, 1963. She moved to Dallas in 1968. Recorded June 6, 2012.
Walter R. Mears
A Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter for the Associated Press for more than forty years, Mears covered every presidential election from 1960 to 2000. He spent time with Senator John F. Kennedy on the campaign trail, attended Kennedy press conferences and his 1963 funeral, and later wrote the book The Kennedy Brothers (2009). Recorded August 27, 2010.
Robert and Ricardo Medrano
Part of a longtime politically active family, former Dallas school board member Robert Medrano (1974-87) and his brother, former city councilman Ricardo Medrano (1977-83), were members of the Dallas chapter of the Viva Kennedy Club in 1960. Robert Medrano observed the Kennedy motorcade and, shortly after the assassination, visited Dealey Plaza, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and the Dallas Trade Mart where other family members were attending the scheduled luncheon. Recorded April 22, 2011.
Dr. Joan Mellen
A prolific author and professor of English at Temple University in Philadelphia, Mellen met New Orleans D.A. Jim Garrison in 1969 and maintained contact with him for twenty years. Her decade-long study of his life and career yielded the books A Farewell to Justice (2005) and Jim Garrison, His Life and Times - The Early Years (2008). Recorded August 9, 2010.
Mendoza served in the Peace Corps in Micronesia from 2008 to 2010. Her country host was a former Peace Corps volunteer from the 1970s. Recorded September 23, 2011.
Mentzel saw the Kennedy motorcade in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Her late husband, Dallas police patrolman W.D. Mentzel, was assigned to the area in Oak Cliff where Officer J.D. Tippit was killed. Recorded May 21, 2007.
Mercer was a news and sportscaster at KRLD-TV and Radio in 1963. At the midnight press conference for Lee Harvey Oswald, he informed Oswald that he had been charged with the murder of President Kennedy. Recorded November 22, 1998, February 23, 2005, November 1, 2007, and November 20, 2008.
Owner of radio station WRAJ in Anna, Illinois, in 1963, Mr. Michel reported news of the assassination and was one of the earliest to broadcast the name of suspect Lee Harvey Oswald. In 1961, he was present at the White House when President Kennedy presented astronaut Alan Shepard with the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. Recorded November 23, 2005.
Dr. Sidney Milkis
A distinguished presidential historian and author, Milkis is a political science professor and Assistant Director for Academic Studies at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.
A conservative Dallas housewife, Miller was advised not to go downtown to see the Kennedy motorcade because she was pregnant at the time. Her husband, a local attorney, saw the parade on his lunch hour. Recorded July 1, 2010.
Miller owned a private nightclub in Dallas in 1963. Acquainted with Jack Ruby, he briefly saw him the weekend of the assassination. In 1972, Miller purchased appliances and material from the Carousel Club at public auction, some of which he later donated to the Museum. Recorded August 13, 2007.
Assistant city editor at the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Miller attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22 and served as weekend city editor at the newspaper the morning Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Miller provided detailed information about the atmosphere in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 24, 2005.
A longtime travel writer and a veteran of the 1960s underground press, Miller wrote The Assassination Please Almanac (1977) and Jack Ruby's Kitchen Sink (2000). Recorded October 24, 2011.
A Fort Worth businessman, Mills saw President Kennedy speak in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas on the morning of the assassination. Prior to the president's visit to Fort Worth, Mills observed U.S. Secret Service agents during a security check of his nearby office building. Recorded July 22, 2011.
A Dallas native, Mitchell was living on a U.S. Air Force Base in France at the time of the assassination. Because of the disconnect from her hometown, the president's death had no emotional impact. Recorded April 26, 2013.
A Dallas-based songwriter and folk singer for more than 45 years, Mitchell performed at numerous civil rights and peace movement rallies, including vigils held in Dealey Plaza. She saw the presidential motorcade as it exited Dallas Love Field and wrote a poignant ballad that weekend in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded May 13, 2008.
Kathy Kilmer Moak
A student in the class of 1967 at Woodrow Wilson High School, Moak saw the presidential parade on Main Street. Four decades later, she compiled the recollections of her classmates in the book, November 22, 1963: Memories of East Dallas Students, 40 Years Later (2003). Recorded June 13, 2012.
A clerk at the Retail Credit Company in Oak Cliff, Moffeit and some of his coworkers were standing outside the Texas Theatre when Dallas police brought Lee Harvey Oswald outside. Recorded May 31, 2007.
Fourteen years old in 1963, Moffeit was standing in front of the Old Red Courthouse on Main Street and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. An Oak Cliff resident, she frequented Austin's BBQ where Officer J.D. Tippit worked. Recorded May 31, 2007.
Harry M. Moffett III
A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Moffett participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.
A longtime employee of KRLD-TV, Molina was the station's stage manager in 1963 and was assigned to Dallas City Hall the weekend of the assassination. On Sunday morning, he was outside the police basement with CBS correspondent Nelson Benton when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Recorded June 30, 2005.
Allen and Cynthia Mondell
Award-winning documentarians, the Mondells wrote, produced and directed the films seen in the permanent exhibition at The Sixth Floor Museum. Allen Mondell was working as a member of the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 13, 2002, May 18, 2007, and March 5 and 11, 2011.
Mary Catherine Monroe
A longtime social studies teacher in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, Monroe was a student at Texas Christian University when she and several classmates saw President Kennedy speak outside the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 9, 2009.
Dr. David Montague
An associate professor of criminal justice at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Montague served as senior investigator for the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Review Board from 1995 to 1997. Recorded August 28, 2012.
Dr. Marian Ann Montgomery
Montgomery was the first director of interpretation at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and worked at the institution from 1994 to 1999. A fashion historian, she was given the rare opportunity to examine Jacqueline Kennedy's famous pink suit in the National Archives. Recorded November 22, 1996, and December 12, 2008.
A Dallas homicide detective in 1963, Montgomery was sent to the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination. He discovered a brown paper bag on the sixth floor that might have been used to carry a weapon into the building. On Sunday, Montgomery was walking directly behind Lee Harvey Oswald when Jack Ruby shot Oswald. Recorded on November 25, 2002.
Valda H. Montgomery
As a child in the 1960s, Montgomery was part of a prominent African-American family in Montgomery, Alabama. She observed the aftermath of the 1955 bus boycott and the activities of the civil rights Freedom Riders, and had contact with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Her memories were recorded with those of other civil rights activists. Recorded February 28, 2006.
In 1963, Mooney was a Dallas County deputy sheriff who watched the motorcade pass and heard shots fired. Later, while investigating the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building, he discovered the "sniper's nest" and three empty rifle shells. Recorded on December 4, 2002, November 20, 2006, June 24, 2009, and July 28, 2010.
A prolific author and researcher, Moore wrote the Kennedy assassination book Conspiracy of One (1990) as well as a best-selling biography of President Bill Clinton. He served as a consultant to The Sixth Floor exhibition during its development. Recorded September 21, 2011.
A onetime professional Irish folk dancer, Moore was living in New York City at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 25, 2010.
Moreno-Randle was part of a large Hispanic community in Brownsville, Texas, at the time of the Kennedy assassination. She waited in line on the morning of February 20, 1989, to be among the first visitors to experience The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded July 1, 2010.
An intern at the Pentagon during the summers of 1962 and 1963, Moses later saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 11, 2012.
A 22-year veteran of Dallas railroad switching towers, Mozley relieved tower operator Lee Bowers the day of the assassination. Recorded April 19, 2002.
Mueller's late father, Harold Teague, was Lyndon Johnson's personal pilot in the early 1960s, which allowed Mueller to spend time with the Johnson and Connally families. As an adult, working at the Dallas Convention and Visitors Bureau in the 1970s, she dealt with persistent tourist interest in the Dealey Plaza area. Recorded May 30, 2012.
A reporter for WBAP-TV, Murphy went live on the air shortly after the assassination. He served as an NBC correspondent that weekend and was instrumental in arranging Gov. Connally's first press conference. On Monday, Murphy recorded a significant interview with the widow of Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded November 19, 1998, and June 13, 2005.
A native of Havana, Cuba, ten-year-old Musa and his sister came to the United States as part of "Operation Peter Pan" in May 1961. They stayed with a family in Indianapolis for six months until their parents could immigrate. Recorded September 7, 2012.
Performing under the stage name "Tammi True," Myers was a headlining stripper at Jack Ruby's Carousel Club at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 6, 2010.