Interviews by NameOral Histories
Standing with his parents on Houston Street, Haas heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. His late father, R.E. "Buster" Haas, was a reporter at The Dallas Morning News and covered the events of that weekend. Recorded November 5, 2012.
Four years old in 1963, Hadacek was given a PT-109 toy by his mother on the day of the assassination. It remains one of his earliest childhood memories. Recorded April 20, 2014.
Walter Henry Hagan
An executive with American Airlines, Hagan was Dallas Love Field's celebrity greeter and met both Richard Nixon and later President Kennedy at the airport on November 22, 1963. Recorded March 9, 1994.
C. Ray Hall
A thirty-year veteran of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Hall was assigned to the Dallas FBI office in 1963. On Friday, he was at the Texas School Book Depository following the assassination, and on Sunday, he conducted a five-hour interview with Jack Ruby shortly after the Oswald shooting. Hall also followed up investigative leads and interviewed Ruby a second time in December 1963. Recorded February 4, 2010.
The widow of the late Dallas police homicide Det. Guy Hall, she urged her husband not to work the day of President Kennedy's visit to Dallas. However, Guy Hall did work the weekend of the assassination and was one of Lee Harvey Oswald's assigned handlers. Recorded February 7, 2007.
A nurse in the outpatient clinic at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Hall was in Trauma Room One during the treatment of President Kennedy. Shortly before the assassination, Hall assisted with the care of Marina Oswald during her second pregnancy. Recorded December 16, 2010, February 7, 2011, March 9, June 5, and December 13, 2012, and February 22 and June 12, 2013.
A sixth grader at John J. Pershing Elementary in 1963, Haller filmed the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Boulevard. He shared his film publicly for the first time at the 50th anniversary of the assassination in 2013. Recorded June 27, 2013.
One of the first successul female entrepreneurs in Dallas, Halliday founded Ebby Halliday Realtors in 1945. At the time of the assassination, she was vice president of the North Dallas Chamber of Commerce. Recorded April 9, 2009.
A specialist assigned to the model shop of the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit from 1962 to 1965, Hambrock crafted custom trophies and awards for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson to give to friends and dignitaries. Hambrock was at work on a special wood sculpture for JFK at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 12, 2007.
Mary Frances Hammond
Hammond saw the presidential motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood Streets. She recalls the city being a hotbed of radical conservative activity. Recorded April 26, 2013.
A Dallas schoolgirl in 1963, Hampson saw the presidential motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston Streets. She and a friend walked to Dealey Plaza in the aftermath of the assassination. Recorded May 10, 2013.
The youngest United Press International (UPI) reporter at the Dallas bureau, Hampton took the call from Merriman Smith in the motorcade with word of the president's shooting. Hampton spent time that weekend at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas City Hall, where he attended Oswald's midnight press conference. Years later, while serving as a longtime editor at The New York Times, Hampton wrote a series of young adult history books, including Kennedy Assassinated! The World Mourns: A Reporter's Story (1997). Recorded November 23, 2009, and April 12 and 13, 2013.
Hansen was working at the KRLD art department in 1963 and processed film from all over the world during the assassination weekend. In 1964, he was one of the station's sketch artists for the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded April 8, 2004.
A secretary in the KRLD Radio and TV news department, Hansen was the only female member of the news staff in 1963. At the time of the assassination, she was married to KRLD photographer Joe Scott and later, following Scott's death, married to Ken Hansen of the KRLD art department. Recorded August 10, 2011.
A photographer for the Dallas Times Herald, Hanson was in charge of the darkroom on November 22, 1963. He also took many photographs that weekend and during the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded August 30, 1996.
Hardy moved to Dallas one month before the assassination and was working in the women's department at Sanger-Harris Department Store. Alongside coworkers and customers, she watched news of the president's death in the store's television department. Recorded July 20, 2009.
A Dallas police motorcycle officer riding to the left rear of the Kennedy limousine, Hargis was splattered by blood and debris during the assassination. He parked his motorcycle and remained in Dealey Plaza in the aftermath. Recorded September 24, 2010.
A Dallas police sergeant, Harkness supervised the motorcade route from Main and Field streets to Elm and Houston streets. After witnessing the assassination, he was assigned to search boxcars in the rail yard, where he helped arrest three transients who have since become controversial figures in the assassination story. Recorded June 29, 2006.
A native of Independence, Missouri--where she frequently saw former President Harry Truman--Harrell felt that the Kennedy assassination triggered a period of national skepticism that impacted the remainder of the 1960s. Recorded April 20, 2010.
A vocal African-American activist in Dallas, Harris fought for civil rights during the 1960s with local organizations such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. In 1968, he attended the National Black Power Conference in Philadelphia. Recorded February 6 and September 6, 2006.
An active Kennedy supporter, Harris was a sixth grader in Minnesota in 1963. She maintained a lifelong interest in the Kennedys and met many members of the family, including Robert and Ted Kennedy. Recorded January 27, 2014.
The first female mayor of Dallas (1976) and later the first chairman of Dallas Area Rapid Transit (1981-1986), Harrison was the only female member of the City of Dallas Planning Commission in 1963. She and her husband attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on the day of the assassination. Recorded September 10, 2009.
John T. Harrison
An executive at Kodak's Dallas lab in 1963, Harrison was on hand when Abraham Zapruder's film was processed and was among those who viewed the film the afternoon of the assassination. Recorded August 30, 1994.
A secretary with Texas Instruments for thirty-five years, Harrison witnessed the aftermath of an automobile accident shortly after the presidential parade passed her Lemmon Avenue location. She later identified Jack Ruby as one of the men involved and was twice interviewed by officials. Recorded October 7, 2014.
Charles Harrison Family
Widow Louise Coleman and sons Skeeter and John Harrison share stories and memories of the late Dallas police officer Charles Harrison, who participated in the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theatre. The Harrisons briefly lived next door to J.D. Tippit, and Charles Harrison was a pall bearer at Tippit's funeral on November 25, 1963. Recorded September 3, 2010.
Interviewed around her 100th birthday, Hartman shared memories of the African-American community in Dallas. Owner of a Dallas rooming house and actively involved in voter registration drives, she was working in an elementary school cafeteria at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 9, 2006.
In 1962, Hathaway met Jack Ruby while working in the camera department at the Sanger Brothers department store in Dallas. At Ruby's request, Hathaway frequently visited the Carousel Club for six months between 1962 and 1963 to photograph the dancers on stage. Recorded August 21, 2006.
Deacon Bronson Havard
Havard was editor of the student newspaper at Texas Tech University in 1963. Beginning in 1970, as a reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, he covered the controversy over the fate of the Texas School Book Depository building. Havard was inspired by President Kennedy to become involved in the civil rights movement. Recorded August 3, 2010.
A longtime Democratic leader who attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963, Hay was a founding board member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. Recorded February 22, 2001.
Best known as "Mr. Peppermint" on WFAA-TV/Channel 8 for many years, Haynes was a spectator in Dealey Plaza at the time of the assassination. He then went live on the air with WFAA-TV program director Jay Watson within 15 minutes of the shooting. Recorded January 10, 1995, and January 23, 2004.
A professor of oriental languages and philosophy, Hays served as executive director of the Dallas County Historical Foundation from 1989 to 1993. He guided the newly-opened exhibit on the sixth floor through its first four years of development. Recorded March 25, 1993.
An United Press International photographer working at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Heikes captured one of the most famous professional images of the presidential motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood streets. He also photographed investigators at the Tippit shooting scene and Lee Harvey Oswald in police custody. Recorded April 23, 2008, and November 18, 2014.
Heikes was shopping at Sanger-Harris department store in downtown Dallas and observed the presidential motorcade from a second-floor window. In 1964, she married United Press International photographer Darryl Heikes. Recorded April 23, 2008.
A 33-year veteran of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Heitman worked at the Dallas FBI office from 1962 to 1970. Less than a week after the assassination, he was assigned as the primary agent to interview Marina Oswald, and he spent many hours with her in the months prior to her Warren Commission testimony. Recorded February 8, 2008.
A community leader who has served as president of the Dallas Historical Society (1999-2001) and Dallas County Treasurer (2002-06), Hembry was a student in Oak Cliff in 1963. She saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded October 15, 2012.
James L. Hendricks
A fellow of the American Institute of Architects, Hendricks was the principal architect responsible for the adaptive reuse of the Texas School Book Depository building after it was purchased by Dallas County in 1978. He later designed the original Visitor Center and exterior elevator shaft for The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded September 19 and December 1, 2008.
A Kennedy assassination researcher and memorabilia collector since the 1970s, Henry served as a researcher and consultant for The Sixth Floor Museum for several years. Recorded February 12, 1998.
Bishop Mark Herbener
Herbener was pastor of the Mount Olive Lutheran Church in Dallas throughout the 1960s and 1970s, during which time he was actively involved in the civil rights movement. He held a memorial service for President Kennedy following the assassination. Recorded February 1 and September 6, 2006.
Herbers covered the Civil Rights Movement for the Mississippi bureau of UPI from 1953 to 1963. He joined the staff of the New York Times shortly before the assassination and wrote a number of stories from Dallas during the aftermath. Recorded March 6, 2014.
Growing up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Herman was a politically active Kennedy supporter. He was preparing for his lead role in his high school's senior class play when the assassination took place. Later, while in college, he protested the Vietnam War. Recorded August 13, 2009.
A native of Indiana who moved to Dallas in the early 1970s, Hernandez saw Robert F. Kennedy in 1968 and was deeply impacted by his assassination. Recorded April 20, 2010.
Lisa Lazo Herndon
A thirteen-year-old Fort Worth native, Herndon had a brief personal encounter with Jackie Kennedy outside the ballroom at the Hotel Texas. During the 1960 election, her family was locally active with the Kennedy campaign. Recorded November 8, 2013.
Herndon is the grandson of the executive chef at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth who prepared President Kennedy's last meal. Recorded September 18, 1996.
Dr. Mona Hersh-Cochran
The first woman to receive a PhD from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Hersh-Cochran taught economics at Texas Woman's University for thirty-five years. She was preparing for an exam at SMU on the day of the assassination. Recorded September 13, 2012.
As a Houston journalist, Herskowitz briefly met Sen. John F. Kennedy and also covered the desegregation of local sports. He has since become a prolific author, writing the autobiographies of numerous individuals including John and Nellie Connally, Dan Rather, and Leon Jaworski. Recorded October 31, 2014.
Hertz was a sales representative for New York clothing manufacturers in 1963 and worked with a number of companies in Dallas. He was familiar with Abraham Zapruder's business, Jennifer Juniors, Inc., though he did not know Zapruder personally. Recorded June 23, 2014.
Best known as the creator of 60 Minutes, Hewitt produced and directed the first televised presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. In 1963, he was the executive producer of the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite and he was one of the producers coordinating CBS coverage of the assassination. Recorded on November 9, 2002.
Higdon saw President and Mrs. Kennedy in San Antonio on November 21, 1963. Her late father, Dain Higdon, was longtime friends with John Connally and worked on his 1962 gubernatorial campaign. Recorded April 20, 2014.
Brown W. Higginbotham
A truck driver with Central Motor Freight in Dallas, Higginbotham picked up a shipment of textbook boxes at the loading dock of the Texas School Book Depository building approximately 20 minutes after the assassination. He then picked up a shipment at the Dal-Tex building across the street in Dealey Plaza. Recorded October 19, 2007.
The most recognized U.S. Secret Service agent on the Kennedy detail, Hill jumped onto the back of the presidential limousine during the assassination. He received an award for his service and continued to protect Mrs. Kennedy for one year after the shooting. Reluctant to speak for years about the assassination, Hill was deeply impacted by the tragedy. Recorded November 18, November 19, and November 20, 2010, and April 19, 2012.
Dr. Norwood Hill
A resident at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Hill was one of the physicians who treated Jack Ruby in late 1966. Hill was with Ruby at the time of his death on January 3, 1967. Recorded August 24, 2011.
A Dallas police officer in 1963, Hill was present during the search of the Texas School Book Depository and was at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff when Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. Recorded August 31, 1993, and April 18, 2007.
An eyewitness to the assassination, Hill was standing next to her friend, Mary Moorman, in Dealey Plaza. Seen in photographs of the assassination wearing a red raincoat, Hill believed shots were fired from the grassy knoll. Recorded February 1989.
A longtime Dallas real estate agent, Hill was a housewife in 1963 and the daughter of vocal supporters of conservative Congressman Bruce Alger. Hill saw the Kennedy motorcade at two locations, including Main Street where she heard shots fired. Following the shooting, she and her daughter went to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded October 28, 2009.
Hinnant's late father, Lt. Col. Robert Hinnant, was assigned to Carswell Air Force Base in 1963. The Hinnant family saw President and Mrs. Kennedy arrive in Fort Worth on the evening of November 21, 1963. Rob Hinnant shook hands with Gov. John Connally. Recorded May 8, 2013.
Hirsch saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Her late father, longtime community leader Levin Olan, was rabbi at Temple Emanu-El in Dallas from 1948 to 1970. Rabbi Olan, a prominent civil rights activist, delivered two radio sermons in response to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 14, 2013.
A longtime writer and producer for television (Murphy Brown, Frasier), Hirsch briefly met Senator John F. Kennedy during the 1960 campaign. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy shortly after the assassination was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick's Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 23, 2010.
A 17-year-old high school student in Dallas, Hodges took photos at Dallas Love Field, on Stemmons Freeway immediately following the assassination, and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. That afternoon he sold his film to an Associated Press reporter. Recorded June 29, 1989, and June 13, 2011.
Hoffman was Director of Nursing at Parkland Memorial Hospital when new their new facility opened on Harry Hines Boulevard in 1954. While attending a conference in San Antonio, she saw President Kennedy during his visit to the city on November 21, 1963. Recorded June 25, 2014.
Longtime WFAA-TV newscaster and the host of the popular Dialing for Dollars program, Hogan watched the motorcade pass and then went to Channel 8 studios. Later that day, he covered the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital for ABC News. Recorded on December 27, 2002.
A native of Germany, Hogg saw President Kennedy speak in Frankfurt on June 25, 1963. Recorded October 31, 2013.
Dr. Luther Holcomb
Director of the Dallas Council of Churches in 1963, Holcomb was a community leader and said a prayer at the Trade Mart luncheon after news of the assassination reached the attendees. Recorded August 27, 1992.
A longtime journalist whose work has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Nation, and other publications, Holland became interested in the Kennedy assassination after seeing Oliver Stone's JFK (1991). His research has yielded a number of articles, The Kennedy Assassination Tapes (2004), and a forthcoming book on the Warren Commission. Recorded July 9, 2010.
Tom and Lauri Hollandsworth
Lauri Hollandsworth's late father, Jim Martin, was a longtime Dallas attorney and was part of Jack Ruby's original defense team. Martin left the case before jury selection began. In recent years, the Hollandsworths have investigated Martin's life and career. Recorded August 8, 2011.
An employee of Scott Foresman publishers in 1963, Hollies worked on the fourth floor of the Texas School Book Depository and occasionally rode the same bus as Lee Harvey Oswald. Her memories of Oswald and the day of the assassination differ from other eyewitnesses and coworkers. Recorded January 18, 2011.
As head of the Dallas Times Herald Washington Bureau, Hollingsworth traveled with the presidential party on the trip to Texas in November 1963. Following the assassination, he became the Times Herald's White House Correspondent and developed a friendship with President Johnson. Recorded March 18, 2011.
A Dallas attorney, Holloway attended a political luncheon at the Adolphus Hotel on November 22, 1963. Shortly after the assassination, his senior law partner received an unusual, business-related call from Lyndon Johnson at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Holloway later became an oil and gas operator, founding the Humble Exploration Company. Recorded January 11, 2010.
Longtime editor for the Dallas Times Herald, Holmes wrote community affairs columns from the 1960s until the 1990s. Recorded August 3, 1993.
Holmes was public relations director at the Sam Bloom Agency and coordinated media coverage for both President Kennedy's visit to Dallas and the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 3, 1993, and March 14, 2004.
The Rev. William A. Holmes
As minister of Northaven United Methodist Church, Holmes gave a powerful and controversial sermon on Sunday, November 24, 1963, in which he mentioned that some Dallas schoolchildren cheered upon learning of President Kennedy's death. Portions of the sermon were later broadcast on CBS, bringing international attention to both Holmes and the city of Dallas. Recorded March 2, 2007, and November 20, 2008.
While working as a freelance fashion model in Dallas, Holmes was acquainted with George and Jeanne de Mohrenschildt. She remembers a dinner party at the de Mohrenschildt home that was attended by Lee and Marina Oswald. Recorded July 22, 2011.
Holt was credit manager for the Texas School Book Depository from 1970 to 1978 and was involved in the company's move from their Dealey Plaza warehouse to a new location in Dallas. Over the years, he heard many assassination-related stories from fellow co-workers and managers. Recorded June 26, 2008.
Holt was a fifth grade student in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Though her parents were longtime Republicans, they supported Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election. Recorded May 9, 2014.
A reporter for the ABC affiliate in San Antonio, Holzmann covered the Kennedy visit on November 21, 1963, as a freelance photographer for WBAP-TV in Fort Worth. He previously photographed John F. Kennedy at the Alamo during the 1960 campaign. Recorded April 20, 2013.
Jimmie R. Hopkins
Hopkins was a sergeant in the Dallas Police Reserves in 1963. After working motorcade crowd control, he was on dispatch duty when he took a call from the Texas Theatre box office reporting that a suspicious-looking man--later determined to be Oswald--had entered without paying. His many other assignments that weekend included guarding Oswald inside his cell, guarding Jack Ruby, and guarding the entrances to both Dallas City Hall and Parkland Memorial Hospital's emergency room. Recorded on January 8, 2003.
Howard and her husband, the late Dr. Herbert R. Howard, watched the motorcade on Lemmon Avenue and also attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Dr. Howard held a special prayer service on Saturday at the Park Cities Baptist Church and then delivered a powerful sermon on Sunday. Both services were recorded. Recorded January 22, 2004.
A U. S. Secret Service agent assigned to the Dallas field office, Howard served on the detail for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. For the 1963 Texas trip, Howard was part of the advance team in Fort Worth and spent the evening of the assassination at Dallas police headquarters. Immediately thereafter he was assigned to protect the family of Lee Harvey Oswald at a secure location. Recorded November 18, 2005.
Jane Gay Howell
Howell grew up in Oak Cliff and was a sophomore at Southern Methodist University in 1963. She was very concerned about the vocal right-wing extremist minority in Dallas during this period. Recorded April 20, 2010.
The daughter of the late John Mazziotta, chief photographer at the Dallas Times Herald, and Peggie Mazziotta, the city's first female photojournalist, Howes was attending a Catholic school in Oak Cliff in 1963. Recorded April 14, 2010.
John Joe Howlett
A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the Dallas field office in 1963, Howlett was at the Dallas Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas police headquarters on the day of the assassination. In the aftermath, he was heavily involved in the local investigation and helped produce a Secret Service training film. Recorded April 6, 2011.
Inspired by President Kennedy, Hromatka was a Peace Corps volunteer in Ecuador from 1969 to 1972. He has remained an active alumnus and helped launch the National Peace Corps Association. Recorded August 12, 2011.
As the southwest correspondent for The Washington Post in 1989, Hudson covered the opening of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Her grandparents, the late Millard and Mary Heath, attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 25, 2011.
A KRLD police reporter in 1963, Huffaker broadcast the motorcade through Dallas and later covered events at Parkland Memorial Hospital. He then reported live from Dallas police headquarters on CBS and stood a few feet from Jack Ruby when Ruby shot Oswald on live television. In 1964, Huffaker covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 3, 1994, November 22, 1998, July 28, 2006, November 1, 2007, June 24 and November 20, 2008, April 3 and October 28, 2009, June 30, 2010, October 25, 2011, February 22, October 27, and November 10, 2012, February 28 and October 19, 2013.
R. Lee Huffman
A master sergeant in the U.S. Army, Huffman was assigned to the Transportation Division at the White House from 1961 to 1966. He went on the Texas trip in 1963 and was working at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth when the assassination took place. Recorded November 22, 2008.
Hughes-Thompson's late husband, Robert Hughes, was an eyewitness to the assassination and filmed a home movie of the Kennedy motorcade in Dealey Plaza and the assassination aftermath. Recorded April 27, 2002.
B.C. "Barney" Hulett
An Army presidential helicopter pilot from 1959 to 1967, Hulett flew with President Kennedy. He participated in a group interview with other Army personnel. Recorded September 19, 2008.
Hunt served as the original project director and curator for the Dallas County Historical Foundation and was instrumental in the planning, research and content of The Sixth Floor Museum's permanent exhibition. Hunt is the author of the Museum's official guidebook and JFK for a New Generation (1996). Recorded on March 26, 2003, February 16, 2009, and May 29, 2013.
A member of the Dallas school board in the late 1960s, Hunter was a longtime attorney whose firm represented Abraham Zapruder. Hunter's son, Christopher, was born at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas five minutes before the assassination on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 4, 2014.
Hunter was the creative director of the Southwestern Historical Wax Museum in Grand Prairie, Texas. This museum, which first opened at Fair Park in September 1963, featured a Kennedy assassination section--including a reproduction of the sixth floor "sniper's perch"--for more than two decades before it was destroyed by fire in September 1988. Recorded August 13, 2010.
A longtime Dallas CPA, Hurt observed the hearse carrying President Kennedy's body from Parkland Hospital to Dallas Love Field. Recorded September 4, 2009.
A lifelong Dallasite, Hutchison saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street. Previously, on September 13, 1960, he marched with the Jesuit High School band in a downtown Dallas parade to mark Senator John F. Kennedy's campaign visit to the city. Recorded June 18, 2008.